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Whitehaven, one of the first planned towns in England, owes much of its development to the Lowther family. Sir John Lowther (1642 - 1705), was inspired by Sir Christopher Wren's designs for the rebuilding of London after the Great Fire of 1666 and laid out the town in a grid pattern. Although some of the town centre was rebuilt in the 1900's, many of the 17th and 18th century buildings remain. Today Whitehaven is the most complete example of planned Georgian architecture in Europe.

In the 18th and 19th century Whitehaven was an important coal mining town and port.

One of the first steam engines, designed by Thomas Newcomen, was used at Stone Pit in Whitehaven to aid drainage and haulage. In its heyday over 1000 ships were built in Whitehaven's shipyards and the town established important trading links with North America and the Caribbean.

'The Rum Story - the Dark Spirit of Whitehaven', a tourist attraction in Lowther Street, brings to life the town's links with the Carribean and illustrates the story of the UK rum trade.

In 1778, during the American War of Independence, the American naval leader, John Paul Jones, mounted the last invasion attempt on the English mainland at Whitehaven. Another American associated with the town is George Washington, the first President of the United States, whose grandmother, Mildred Washington, is buried in Whitehaven.

During the 18th century Whitehaven was the third largest port in England, after London and Bristol, but it waned rapidly when ports with greater shipping capacity took over its main trade.

Tourism is now a major industry in the town. Recently the harbour has been re-developed and it is now home to one of the best marinas in the country.

When you are walking around the town look out for the sculpture, by Colin Telfer, that overlooks the harbour. Unveiled in 2005, the sculpture is a memorial to the coal mining history of Whitehaven. The industry declined in the 20th century and the last pit to operate, Haig Colliery, closed in 1986.

At the Haig Colliery Mining Museum visitors can learn all about the local coal mining industry. At their peak the mines extended far out under the Solway Firth and were extremely hazardous owing to numerous faults and the presence of gas. From the colliery there are magnificent view across the Irish Sea to the Isle of Man and the Scottish hills.

To the south of Whitehaven extends a 40 mile coastal strip, running from St Bees Head to the town of Millom on the Duddon Estuary. St Bees Head, 3 miles south of the town, is the highest sea cliff between Scotland and Wales and boasts wonderful views fr walkes to enjoy. It also has a fine beach, beautiful walks and a RSPB wild bird reserve. It is an ideal spot to visit when you are on holiday.

The famous Coast to Coast Walk starts at St Bees (and ends at Robin Hood's Bay in North Yorkshire).

If you are in the area the ancient market town of Egremont lies close to St Bees Head. A mile south of the town is the Florence Mine, the last working iron ore mine in Europe. Haematitie is still found in adundance in the limestone layers of west Cumbria and the Mine Heritage Centre offers visitors underground tours of the deep mine and illustrates how miners once lived and extracted iron ore from the ground.

Sellafield, the BNFl nuclear reprocessing plant, is 11 miles south of the Whitehaven, near Seascale. This plant is now Whitehaven's largest employer and also accounts for more than 60% of all employment in the district of Copeland. The Visitor's Centre at Sellafield is now closed.

Tourist Attractions in and near Whitehaven to Visit

Museums

Museums

The Rum Story All about the Rum trade.

The Beacon The history of Whitehaven.

Haig Colliery Mining Museum All about the local coal mining industry.

Outdoors

Out & About

Jane Pit 6.1 miles Ruined mine buildings.

Towns Near Whitehaven To Visit - straight line distance:

Workington (6.66 miles) Cockermouth (12.00 miles) Maryport (12.01 miles) Ravenglass (15.17 miles)
cottages
How to get to Whitehaven

Whitehaven Tourist Information Centre

  • Market Hall
    Market Place
    Whitehaven
    CA28 7JG
    Tel: 01946 598914
    Email: tic@copelandbc.gov.uk
Hotels
Premier Inn Whitehaven
Howgate Whitehaven CA28 6PL

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Grove Court Hotel
Cleator Gate Whitehaven CA23 3DT

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Guest Houses, Bed and Breakfasts, Inns and other Hotels
Moresby Hall
Moresby Hall, Moresby, Whitehaven CA28 6PJ

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The Corner House Bed & Breakfast
1 & 2 Laurel Bank, Foxhouses Road Whitehaven CA28 8AD

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Grovewood House
Sandwith Whitehaven CA28 9UG

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Holiday Cottages
Longcliffe
Beckermet near Whitehaven CA21 2YG
Sleeps 9
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Whitehaven Weather
Thursday 18th December
Day :Light drizzle11°C Light drizzle
Night :Light rain7°C Light rain
Friday 19th December
Day :Light rain shower9°C Light rain shower
Night :Light rain shower7°C Light rain shower
Where to Stay in Whitehaven
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Area Telephone Code
01946
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