The new Central Criminal Court, or Old Bailey, was erected in 1907 on the site of the notorious Newgate Prison, demolished in 1902. On special days in the legal calendar Old Bailey judges still carry small posies to court as a reminder of those times.
The elegant bronze figure of Justice on the copper dome of the Old Bailey overlooks the place where convicts were once executed. Stones from Newgate Prison were used to make up the facade, with a sculpted group by Pomeroy, representing the Recording Angel supported by Fortitude and Truth, over the main entrance.
The Old Bailey has dealt with some of the most publicised criminal cases in London's history. Amongst those to have stood trial here are Oscar Wilde in 1895, Dr Crippin in 1910 and Peter Sutcliffe in 1981.
Today, when the courts are in session the public are admitted to watch trials. There are 19 courts and the oldest courts, one, two and three, usually hold the most interesting trials.
Across the road from the Old Bailey is the Magpie and Stumps. Here 'execution breakfasts' were served until 1868, when mass public hangings outside Newgate Prison were stopped.