In the early-19th century, when
the upper classes began to move out to the west, this area
of Bloomsbury was flooded by artists and immigrants turning
it into a northern extension of Soho.
The noted artist, John Constable,
lived and worked at No. 76 Charlotte Street for many years.
Many of the new residents established small workshops to service
the furniture shops of Tottenham Court Road and clothing shops
of Oxford Street.
Other residents opened up reasonably
priced restaurants. The area around Charlotte Street
is still well-known for the variety and excellent quality
of its restaurants.
During the 1930s and 1940s the
area of Bloomsbury between Gower Street and Great Portland
Street, Euston Road and Oxford Street, became known as 'Fitzrovia'.
This name was coined by a group of writers who met at the
Fitzroy Tavern at No.16 Charlotte Street between the wars.
This traditional pub features a 'Writers and Artists Bar'
in the basement, with pictures of its former customers including
the writers George Orwell and Dylan Thomas and the artist
Today Charlotte Street is overshadowed
by the 620 ft Telecom Tower, not open to the public, to the
north. This great structure, which can be seen from
all over London, was built in 1964 as a huge TV, radio and
Charlotte Street, once a rather
quiet backwater to the north of Oxford Street, is gradually
becoming more trendy as Soho creeps ever northwards and restaurants
become established in the street.